Gujarat is a peninsular state of India and it is almost surrounded by the Arabian Sea on its three sides. Physiographically it has four geographical regions:
(1) The Kathiawar peninsula or Saurastra,
(2) The Kachchh peninsula,
(3) The Rann of Kachchh and
(4) The Gujarat Plain.
The Kathiawar Peninsula or Saurashtra
- The Kathiawar peninsula is traditionally known as Saurashtra.
- It lies on the west and is surrounded by the Arabian Sea on its three sides.
- Its central mass is an elevated highland with hills. The Girnar and Gir hills are most prominent.
- The Girnar has a high peak named Gorakhnath (1,117 meters).
- The land slopes gently down towards the coast from the central mass. A narrow strip of coastal plain surrounds the peninsula.
Saurashtra peninsula is bounded on the south and south-west by the Arabian sea, on the north-west by the Gulf of Kutch, and on the east by the Gulf of Khambhat. From the apex of these two gulfs, the Little Rann of Kutch and Khambhat, waste tracts half salt morass half sandy desert, stretch inland towards each other and complete the isolation of Kathiawar, except one narrow neck which connects it on the north-east with the mainland of Gujarat.
The peninsula is sometimes referred to as Kathiawar after the Kathi Darbar who once ruled part of the region. Sorath forms the southern portion of the peninsula.
The Saurastra region comprises the south western part of modern Gujarat state and the districts included in this region are Rajkot, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Bhavnagar, Porbandar, Amreli, Surendranagar, Devbhoomi Dwarka, Morbi, Gir Somnath and some portions of Ahmedabad and Botad Districts also fall under this area.